Home Field and Swamp: Animals and Their Habitats

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Archived-by-Date Pages

Wildflowers (Magnoliophyta division, Tracheobionta subkingdom, Plantae kingdom)

See also A Virtual Wildflower Garden across Time to identify wildflowers by color and when they appear.

     

All plant species represented on this page have demonstrated ability to survive without human cultivation in the general area where they appeared.  Some of these species were originally introduced from other parts of the world, however.   North Carolina state-listed species shown below include the Prairie Wild Indigo (Baptisia australis), which is "threatened;" the Smooth Coneflower (Echinacea laevigata), which is "special concern" and "endangered" and the Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula), which is "special concern." 

The plants on this page are ordered by their family classification within their subclass for simplicity.  These Latin names were checked against the Integrated Taxonomic Information System for validity.  Identification errors are possible.   No information on this page should be interpreted as medical advice or as authoritative information relevant to herbal medicine, nor should any plants represented on it be assumed to be edible.  

To search for an item on this page on a desktop computer, enter CTRL+F.   On an iPhone, follow these directions: https://www.wirefly.com/guides/how-to-search-for-text-on-webpage-iphone-ctrl-f

NOTE:  Durham, NC  is in USDA Hardiness Zone 7.  The first hard freeze of the winter of 2009 was on the night of December 5 and the first snow on December 18.

Monocotyledons (Liliopsida class)

Arecidae subclass

Arum (Araceae) family

 
Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum), Lake Crabtree County Park, Wake County, NC, 4/16/09 Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/21/06 Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum), Montreat, Buncombe County, NC, 4/28/14 Jack-in-the-Pulpit, with green seedheads, NC Botanical Garden, 7/17/09.  Two plants are seen here. Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) seedhead, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 9/2/04.  The stalk typically breaks, letting the fruits reach the ground. Jack-in-the-Pulpit, with red seedheads, Durham, NC, 9/16/09  

 

         
Calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 6/1/19 Green Dragon (Arisaema dracontium), Asheville, Buncombe County, NC, 5/1/12.  Seen in a private garden.          

Commelinidae subclass

Grass (Poaceae) family

Grass flowers have a unique structure: spikelets are the basic inflorescence; the anthers (the male parts) are x-shaped and the styles (the female parts) are long and fuzzy.

 
Eastern Gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides), 7/14/13 Pink Muhly Grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris), Durham, NC, 10/12/12 Grass flowers, American Tobacco Trail (miles 4-6), Durham, NC, 4/13/09 Grass flowers. Durham, NC, 6/20/09  

Purple Lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis), with stilt bug on lower right, Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 6/25/09 Redtop (Tridens flavus), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 6/29/09 Little Bluestem (Andropogon scoparius), Weymouth Woods-Sandhills Nature Preserve, Moore County, NC, 11/2/13

 

Spikelets of Common Crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis); the anthers and styles are black. Durham, NC, 7/15/09 Sandspur flowers (Cenchrus echinatus), Ft. Fisher State Recreation Area, New Hanover County, NC, 11/11/12

Dayflower (Commelinaceae) family, Commelinidae subclass

Virginia Spiderwort (Tradescantia virginiana), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 4/6/09 Whitemouth Dayflower (Commelina erecta), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 8/18/11 Virginia Dayflower (Commelina virginica), Third Fork Trail, Durham, NC, 9/15/11 Asiatic Dayflowers (Commelina communis), Brackenridge Park, San Antonio, Bexar County, TX, 5/28/10.  An introduced species. Carolina Dayflower (Commelina caroliniana), Durham, NC, 9/20/09.  This is actually an introduced species. Maybe Marsh Dew Flower (Murdannia keisak), a member of the Commelinaceae family.  Very common in rainy weather. Swamp Dew Flowers (Murdannia keisak), seen in swampy areas.  Durham, NC, 9/15/11.  An introduced plant, it is listed as a "noxious weed" in Washington state.

Sedge (Cyperaceae) family, Commelinidae subclass

         
White-bracted Sedge or Whitetop Sedge or Sandswamp Whitetop (Rhynchospora latifolia), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/11/09 Narrowleaf Whitetop Sedge (Rhynchospora colorata), Ft. Fisher Recreational Area, New Hanover County, NC, 8/5/09          

Yellow-eyed Grass (Xyridaceae) family, Commelinidae subclass

     
Yellow-eyed Grass flower (Xyris fimbriata), Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, 8/4/09 Yellow-eyed Grass (Xyris fimbriata), Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, 8/4/09      

Liliidae subclass

Water-plantain (Alismataceae) family, Liliidae subclass

         
Sagittaria genus, Carolina Beach, New Hanover County, NC, 8/29/12          

Asparagas (Asparagaceae) family, Liliidae subclass

Ithuriel's Spear (Triteleia laxa), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 Grape Hyacinth (Muscari armeniacum), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 3/31/09

Colchicaceae family, Liliidae subclass

         
Perfoliate Bellwort (Uvularia perfoliata), Mountain-to-Sea Trail, Buncombe County, NC  4/30/12          

Hypoxidaceae family, Liliidae subclass

         
Common Goldstar (Hypoxis hirsuta), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 5/30/09 Common Goldstar (Hypoxis hirsuta), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 4/17/12.  Every spring at least one plant shows up at this particular site, but no others.          

Iris (Iridaceae) family, Liliidae subclass

 
Eastern Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrichium atlanticum), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/13/09 White Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium albidum), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/2/10 Blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium), Durham, NC, 5/3/18 Western Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium bellum), Indian Valley, Novato, Marin County, CA  4/30/17


 
Dwarf Violet Iris (Iris verna), Weymouth Woods-Sandhills Nature Preserve, Moore County, NC, 4/6/18 Dwarf Crested Iris (Iris cristata), Tanawha Trail (Mileposts 299-300), NC, 5/6/11 Southern Blue Flag (Iris virginica), Durham, NC, 5/6/18 Southern Blue Flag Iris (Iris virginica), Durham, NC, 5/1/18  

Lily (Liliaceae) family, Liliidae subclass

 
Little Sweet Betsy (Trillium cuneatum), Duke Gardens, Durham County, NC, 3/28/08. White Trillium (Trillium grandiflorum), Glassmine Gap, Macon County, NC, 5/28/13 Sweet Wakerobin (Trillium vaseyi), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 4/6/09 Vasey's Trillium or Sweet Wakerobin (Trillium vaseyi), Glassmine Gap, Macon County, NC, 5/28/13 Bashful Wake Robin (Trillium catesbaei).  North Carolina Botanical Garden, 4/18/09. Painted Trillium (Trillium undulatum).  Tanawha Trail (Mileposts 299-300), NC, 5/6/11 Red Trillium (Trillium erectum).  Tanawha Trail (Mileposts 299-300), NC, 5/6/11  

 

 
Trout Lily (Erythonium americanum), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 3/13/08.  These ephemera show up in early spring and die back to the ground when new leaves on the trees cut off the sunlight to the understory.  They are common in wooded areas around here. Atamasco Lily (Zethyranthes atamasco), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 4/20/07 Canadian Mayflower (Maiathemum canadense).  Tanawha Trail (Mileposts 299-300), NC, 5/6/11 Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria ruscaceae), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 4/6/09.  In the Nolinoideae subfamily. Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria ruscaceae), Old Salem, Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 4/27/19.  In the Nolinoideae subfamily.  

 

 
Nodding Wild Onion (Allium cernuum), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 7/17/11 Garlic Chives (Allium tuberosus), Durham, NC, 9/2/09.  An introduced species. Meadow Garlic (Allium canadense), Ocracoke Island, Hyde County, NC, 4/21/16 Meadow Garlic (Allium canadense), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 5/20/09 Meadow Garlic (Allium canadense), Durham, NC, 6/6/09  Meadow Garlic (Allium canadense), Durham, NC,  6/6/09  

 

Possibly Cultivated Garlic (Alllium sativum), Durham, NC, 4/30/09 Wild Garlic (Allium vineale), Occoneechee Mountain Natural Area, Orange County, NC, 6/13/09.  An introduced species. Wild Garlic (Allium vineale), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 5/30/09 Wild Garlic (Allium vineale), Durham, NC, 5/23/09 Crowpoison or False Garlic (Nothoscordum borbonicum), Santee, Orangeburg County, SC, 4/29/11.  This is an introduced species. Crowpoison, False Garlic genus (Nothoscordum bivalve), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 4/15/19

 

Turk's Cap Lily (Lilium superbum), Daniel Boone Gardens, Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/5/08 Gray's Lily flower (Lilium grayi), Tanawha Trail, Watauga County, NC, 6/16/15 Orange Daylilies or Tiger Daylilies (Hemerocallis fulva), near Old Salem, Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 6/7/09.  These were just a few of the many daylilies of this species growing wild in this area. Orange Daylily or Tiger Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva), near Old Salem, Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 6/7/09

 

         
Indian Cucumber Root (Medeola virginiana) fruit and bud, Raven Cliffs Trail, Chattahoochee National Forest, GA, 5/29/13 Indian Cucumber Root (Medeola virginiana) flowe, War Spur Loop, Giles County, VA, 6/15/11 Fresh Indian Cucumber Root flower (Medeola virginiana), Glassmine Gap, Macon County, NC, 5/28/13 Yellow Mandarin (Prosartes lanuginosa), Montreat, Buncombe County, NC, 4/29/14          

 

 
Star-of-Bethlehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum), Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 4/27/19 Butterfly Mariposa Lily (Calochortus venustus), Mt. Diablo State Park, Clayton, Contra Costa County, CA  5/8/15 Another Butterfly Mariposa Lily (Calochortus venustus), Mt. Diablo State Park, Clayton, Contra Costa County, CA  5/8/15 Speckled Wood Lily (Clintonia umbellata), Glassmine Gap, Macon County, NC, 5/28/13  

Orchid (Orchidaceae) family, Liliidae subclass

         
Yellow-fringed Orchid (Platanthera ciliaris), Bear Den Campground, Mitchell County, NC, 8/19/14          

 
Putty Root (Aplectrum hyemale) winter leaf, 2/21/09, Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC.   The rather large leaf appears in fall and winter (but never the same time as the inflorescence), even as far north as Wisconsin, according to the University of Wisconsin at Madison Botany Department.    ID thanks to Will Cook. Putty Root orchid flowers, Swannanoa River Road, Warren Wilson College, Asheville, NC, 5/3/12.  The winter leaf was still here, all brown.  

Pink Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium acaule), Nantahala National Forest, 5/27/13 Pink Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium  acaule, Orchidaceae family), Falling Creek Camp, Tuxedo, Henderson County, NC, 5/23/03      

Crane Fly Orchid (Tipularia discolor), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 3/31/09.  As with the Putty Root, the leaf and inflorescence are never seen together. Crane Fly Orchid flowers, Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 7/30/09 Crane Fly Orchid flowers (closeup of flowers on the left)

         
Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera pubescens), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 7/30/09 Budding Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera pubescens).  Thumbnail went sideways.  Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 7/2/11          

         
Ladies tresses orchid (Spiranthes genus), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/27/17          

Pontederiaceae family, Liliidae subclass

     
Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 6/12/09 Pickerelweed (Pontedaria cordata), Durham, NC, 5/21/19      

Dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida class)

Asteridae subclass

Acanthaceae family, Asteridae subclass

Carolina Wild Petunia (Ruellia carolinensis), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 7/15/11 Carolina Wild Petunia (Ruellia carolinensis), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 6/24/09 Carolina Wild Petunia (Ruellia carolinensis), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09 American Water Willow (Justicia americana) flowers, with sweat bee inside one.  On Eno River bank.  West Point on the Eno, Durham, NC, 7/4/09 American Water Willow (Justicia americana).  Same plant as on left.

Dogbane (Apocynaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

     
Little Periwinkle (Vinca minor), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 3/19/09 Big Periwinkle (Vinca major), American Tobacco Trail (miles 4-6), Durham, NC, 4/13/09 Maroon Carolina Milkvine (Matelea carolinensis), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 5/15/19 Climbing Dogbane (Thyrsanthella difformis or Trachelospermum difforme: apparently hotly debated: the USDA favors the latter while the ITIS favors the former), Durham, NC, 5/23/19 Climbing Dogbane (Thyrsanthella difformis or Trachelospermum difforme: apparently hotly debated: the USDA favors the latter while the ITIS favors the former), Durham, NC, 5/23/19 Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 5/20/09 Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 6/13/09      

Milkweed (Asclepiadaceae family), Asteridae subclass

   
Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 6/13/09 Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca), Peaks of Otter Recreational Area, Bedford County, VA, 7/9/09 Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) seed pods with Large Milkweed Bugs on them, Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 9/13/09 Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata), Flat River Impoundment, Durham, NC 8/15/10    

Aster (Asteraceae) family, Asterales order, Asteridae subclass

   
Common Sunflower (Helianthus annuus), with Honey Bee, Durham, NC, 8/1/08.  Photo by Karl D. Gottschalk. Bearded Beggarticks (Bidens aristosa), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 10/5/08 Spanish Needles (Bidens bipinnata) seedhead, Durham, NC, 11/20/12 Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), Raulston Arboretum, Raleigh, NC, 5/22/09 Smooth Coneflower (Echinacea laevigata), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 6/4/06. This is an officially endangered species according to the US Fish & Wildlife Service and North Carolina Ecological Services according to their Smooth Coneflower Page. Salt-marsh Fleabane (Pluchea odorata), Goose Creek State Park, Washington County, NC, 9/21/08.  Also seen in rural Chatham County, NC.    

 

Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), Durham, NC, 3/27/09 Green-and-gold (Chrysogonum virginianum), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 A kind of purple aster, perhaps the Late Purple Aster of the North Carolina mountains, 10/16/08 Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare), Haw River State Park, 5/31/08, with Zebra Longhorn Beetle

 

Cat's Ear (Hypochaeris radicata), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 6/29/09 Dwarf Dandelion (Krigia genus), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 4/12/09 False Dandelion (Pyrrhopappus carolinianus), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 7/16/11 False Dandelion (Pyrrhopappus carolinianus), Durham, NC, 5/21/19 Hawkweed (Hieracium paniculatum), Durham, NC, 4/22/19

 

 
Firewheel or Indian Blanket (Gaillardia pulchella),Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/11/09.  Although it is more commonly called "Firewheel" in North Carolina, it is called "Indian Blanket" in warmer climates, e.g., southern Texas, where it is seen in large clusters. An unusual Firewheel (Gaillardia pulchella), Ft. Fisher State Recreation Area, New Hanover County, NC, 12/3/12 Firewheel (Gaillardia pulchella) with flowerlike petals, Kill Devil Hills, Dare County, NC, 6/27/13 Red Firewheel (Gaillardia pulchella), Kill Devil Hills, Dare County, NC, 6/27/13 Yellow Firewheel (Gaillardia pulchella), Kill Devil Hills, Dare County, NC, 6/27/13 Pink Firewheel (Gaillardia pulchella), Kill Devil Hills, Dare County, NC, 6/27/13  

 

         
Spoonleaf Purple Everlasting (Gamochaeta purpurea), Lake Crabtree County Park, Wake County, NC, 4/16/09 Spoonleaf Purple Everlasting (Gamochaeta purpurea), Durham, NC, 5/22/19 Stokes Aster (Stokesia laevis), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 6/13/09 Centaurea genus maybe, NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09 Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09          

 

 
Whorled Tickseed (Coreopsis verticillata), Durham, NC, 6/27/09 Lanceleaf Tickseed (Coreopsis lanceolata), Durham, NC, 5/22/19 Golden Tickseed (Coreopsis tinctoria), Durham, NC, 6/7/14 Golden Tickseed (Coreopsis tinctoria), Durham, NC, 6/7/18

 

Chicory (Cichorium intybus), seen in large groups along the sides of highways in the Natural Bridge area and nearby parts of Virginia, 7/8/09 Chicory (Cichorium intybus), including one albino (on Blowing Rock Rd. corner), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 6/30/10 Gray Goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis), with weevil and tumbling flower beetle, NC Botanical Garden, 7/17/09 Small's Ragwort (Packera anonyma), Durham, NC, 5/20/09

 

           
  New York Ironweed (Vernonia novaboracensis), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 7/30/09 Whitetop Asters (Sericocarpus asteroides), Peaks of Otter, Bedford County, VA, 8/20/18 Hairy White Oldfield Asters (Symphyotrichum pilosum), Durham, NC, 11/2/16, with Yellow-collared Scape Moth Ironweed flower (Vernonia novaboracensis) closeup, NC Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 9/6/09 Sweet Everlasting (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium), Eno River State Park, Durham County, NC, 8/27/10.  This plant was standing by itself, enduring the summer drought over two visits. Sweet Everlasting (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium), its Asteraceae family membership more obvious.  River Park North, Greenville, Pitt County, NC, 11/10/10          

 

     
Bushy Sea Oxeye Daisy or Bushy Seaside Tansy (Borrichia frutescens), Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, 8/3/09 Bitter Sneezeweed (Helenium amarum), Flat River Impoundment, Durham, NC, 8/15/10 Bitter Sneezeweed  (Helenium amarum), Ft. Fisher Basil Trail, New Hanover County, NC, 8/3/09 New England Aster (Aster novae-angliae), Daniel Boone Gardens, Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/12/09 Joe-Pye Weed (Eupatorium purpureum), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/11/09 Ambush bug on Common Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 8/29/14 Sandhill Chaffhead (Carphephorus bellidifolius), Weymouth Woods-Sandhills Nature Preserve, Southern Pines, NC, 10/24/18      

Dog Fennel (Eupatorium capillifolium), Lake Crabtree County Park, Wake County, NC, 11/2/11 Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta), Durham, NC, 6/11/11 Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta), Moses Cone Memorial Park, Watauga County, NC, 8/12/09. This flower was alone. Ageratum or Flossflower (Ageratum houstonianum), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 9/1/09

     
Common Ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) male flower buds (closeup), Durham, NC, 9/8/09. There were about 2000 of these approx. 10-flower units on this particular plant. Common Ragweed flower (Ambrosia artemisiifolia, among buds, Geitner Park, Hickory, Catawba County, NC, 9/29/09.  A typical mature Ragweed plant has thousands of flowers. Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 9/11/09 Late Purple Aster (Symphyotrichum patens),  Geitner Park, Hickory, Catawba County, NC, 9/25/09 Hairy White Oldfield Aster (Symphyotricum pilosum), with an American Lady, Durham, NC, 11/05/12      

 

 
Common Wingstem (Verbesina alternifolia), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 8/21/09 Dense Blazing Star (Liatris spicata), Carolina Beach, New Hanover County, NC, 10/16/09 Philadelphia Fleabane (Erigeron philadelphicus), Durham, NC, 4/28/09 Fleabane (Erigeron genus), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 4/16/19.  Someday I would like to learn the name of this species! Fleabane (Erigeron genus), with petals still rolled up. Port Aransas, TX (outskirts), 2/20/14. Not useful for an ID, but I found it fascinating!  Prairie Fleabane (Erigeron strigosus), Durham, NC, 4/29/19 Oxeye Daisies (Leucanthemum vulgare), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 5/15/19

 

       
Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 7/26/09 Yellow Thistle (Cirsium horridulum), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 4/16/19 Nodding Thistle (Carduus nutans), Hayesville, Clay County, NC, 5/30/13 Common Wild Quinine (Parthenium integrifolium), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC (~Mile 5), 6/24/10 Treasureflower (Gazania linearis), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 4/28/17. Native to southern Africa and classified as "invasive" in California. Treasureflower (Gazania linearis), common in Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 4/30/17.        

         
Salsify (Tragopogon hybridus), a very anomalous sighting, Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 5/30/19 Purple Salsify (Tragopogon porrifolius), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 4/26/18          

 

Balsaminaceae family, Asteridae subclass

     
Pale Jewelweed or Pale Touch-Me-Not (Impatiens pallida), Tanawha Trail (Blue Ridge Parkway Milepost 304), NC, 8/17/15 Pale Jewelweed or Pale Touch-Me-Not (Impatiens palida), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/4/08 Touch Me Not or Spotted Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis), with tiny Tarnished Plant Bug, Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/6/08 Touch Me Not or Spotted Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis) seeds and burst pod, Geitner Park, Hickory, Catawba County, NC, 9/25/09. Touching a ripe pod, which has a slender convex shape, causes it to split at the seams, freeing the seeds.      

Bignonia (Bignoniaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

   
Cross Vine (Bignonia capreolata), Durham, NC, 5/4/09 Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans), Occoneechee Mountain Natural Area, Orange County, 6/13/09 Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 8/9/09    

Forget-me-not (Boraginaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

     
Virginia Bluebell (Mertensia virginica), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 4/6/09.  Forget-Me-Nots (Myosotis laxa), Flat River Waterfowl Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 3/24/19 Forget-me-not (Myositis genus), Boone Greenway Trail, Watauga County, NC, 7/2/10.  Probably an introduced species. Forget-me-not or stickseed (Hackelia genus?), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09.       

Bellflower (Campanulaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

 
Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis), Durham, NC, 9/1/08 Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica), NC Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 9/6/09 Downy Lobelia (Lobelia puberula).  Date unknown. Indian Tobacco (Lobelia inflata), Peaks of Otter, Bedford County, VA, 8/22/18 Venus' Looking Glass (Triodanis perfoliata), Durham, NC, 5/18/09 Venus' Looking Glass (Triodanis perfoliata), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 5/19/09 Tall Bellflower (Campanula americana), Moses Cone Memorial Park, Watauga County, NC, 8/12/09.  Thanks to Janie Harmon Owens for ID.  

Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

Coral Honeysuckle (Lonacera sempervirens), American Tobacco Trail (miles 4-6), Durham, NC, 4/13/09 Coral Honeysuckle (Lonacera sempervirens), Eno River State Park, Orange County, 5/8/07 Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium), Durham, NC, 5/1/19 Possumhaw Virburnum (Viburnum nudum), Durham, NC, 4/8/09 Possumhaw Virburnum (Viburnum nudum) trunk (same plant as on left), Durham, NC, 4/8/09 American Black Elderberry (Sambucus nigra), an introduced species, Durham, NC, 5/29/18 Common Cornsalad (Valerianella locusta), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 4/12/09 Beaked Cornsalad (Valerianella radiata), Durham, NC, 4/9/19

Morning Glory (Convolvulaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

       
White Morning Glory (Ipomoea lacunosa), Flat River Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 10/27/10 Man-of-the-earth or Wild Potato Vine (Ipomoea pandurata), a kind of morning glory.  American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 6/29/09 Man-of-the-earth or Wild Potato Vine (Ipomoea pandurata), Durham, NC, 7/12/09 Redstar (Ipomoea coccinea), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 9/11/09 Morning glories (Ipomoea purpurea), Jordan Lake Dam, Chatham County, NC, 9/20/10 Tievine or Cotton Morning Glory (Ipomoea cordatotriloba), Ft. Fisher Basin Trail, New Hanover, NC, 9/28/10        

         
Moonflower (Ipomea alba), Gulfport, Harrison County, MS, 10/20/13 Common Dodder (Cuscuta gronovii), Durham, NC, 9/3/16, formerly considered to be a member of Cuscutaceae family.          

Gentian (Gentianaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

         
Narrowleaf Rose Gentian or Rose Pink (Sabatia angularis), Ft. Fisher Recreational Area, New Hanover County, NC, 8/3/09 Salt Marsh Pink (Sabatia stellaris), Ft. Fisher Recreational Area, New Hanover County, NC, 8/6/09          

Waterleaf (Hydrophyllaceae) family, Solanales order, Asteridae subclass

         
Miami Mist (Phacelia purshii), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/2/10, one of many near the parking lot.  ID thanks to Bailey Winstead, who says they are common in the Smoky Mountains. They are not native this far east, according to Harry LeGrand, who confirmed the species ID.  These are similar to the Fringed Phacelia, which has fewer flowers per stem. Maybe Fernleaf Phacelia (Phacelia bipinnatafida), in the mountain garden section of the NC Botanical Garden, 5/9/10. Waterpods (Hydrolea quadrivalvis) common in the formerly adjoining pond, Jordan Lake Gamelands, Chatham County, NC, 8/30/15. ID thanks to Su Kim.          

Mint (Lamiaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

Henbit (Lamium amplexicaule), Durham, 4/3/09. Note the tiny black midge on the top flower. Purple Dead-nettle (Lamium purpureum), Durham, NC, 4/3/09 Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), Durham, NC, 4/8/09 Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea) with a cuckoo bee (Nomada genus, Heminomada subgenus, possibly Imbricata species), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 4/22/09 Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 4/22/09

 

     
Helmetflower (Scutellaria integrifolia), Durham, NC, 6/6/09 Heal-All (Prunella vulgaris), Tanawha Trail, Avery County, NC, 7/8/11 Spotted Bee-balm (Monarda punctata), Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, 8/12/11 Scarlet Bee-balm (Monarda didyma), Salem College, Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 6/7/09 Bergamot or Lavender Bee-balm (Monarda fistulosa), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09 Broad-toothed Hedgenettle
(Stachys latidens), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 6/30/18
Bugle Hedgenettle (Stachys ajugoides), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 White Bergamot (Monarda clinopodia), at the summit of Harkening Hill, Peaks of Otter Recreational Area, Bedford County, VA, 7/9/09 Obedient Plant (Physostegia virginiana), NC Botanical Garden, 9/6/09      


 
Dune Bluecurls (Trichostema species 1), 9/28/10.These wildflowers were common in the sand on the initial stretch of the Fort Fisher Basin Trail, New Hanover County, NC. Carpet Bugleweed (Ajuga reptans, introduced from Eurasia), about 3 feet high, just off Lake Crabtree trail on southern side of lake.  Lake Crabtree County Park, Wake County, NC, 4/16/09.   

Lentibulariaceae family, Asteridae subclass

         
Yellow Bladderwort (Utricularia macrorhiza), Prairie Ridge Ecostation, Raleigh, Wake County, NC, 8/10/17          

Loganiaceae family, Asteridae subclass

Carolina Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens), Durham, NC, 3/30/09

Olive (Oleaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

       
Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) fruit, Durham, NC, 8/15/09 Fringe Tree (Chionanthus virginicus), Durham, NC, 4/22/10 Chinese Privet (Ligustrum sinense).  Officially invasive.        

Broomrape (Orobanchaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

         
Bear Corn, formerly known as Squawroot (Conopholis americana), Linn Cove Viaduct  (south end of Tanawha Trail), past blooming. Bear Corn, formerly known as Squawroot (Conopholis americana), Glassmine Gap, Macon County, NC, 5/28/13 Purple Owl's Clover (Castilleja exserta), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19          

Plantain (Plantaginaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

     
English Plantain  (Plantago lanceola), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/10/09 English Plantain (Plantago lanceolata), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, NC, 5/31/19 Common Plantain (Plantago major), Sharp Top Mountain, Peaks of Otter Recreational Area, Bedford County, VA, 7/10/09 Seems to be a struggling Common Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea).  Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 6/12/09 Common Foxglove, West Point on the Eno, Durham, NC, 7/4/09.  Cultivated.      

Phlox (Polemoniaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

     
Trailing Phlox (Phlox nivalis), Durham, NC, 4/3/09 Eastern Blue Phlox, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Garden Phlox (maybe Phlox paniculata), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/11/09 Drummond Phlox (Phlox Drummonii), Mustang Beach, Nueces County, TX, 2/20/14

Madder (Rubiaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

   
Azure Bluet (Houstonia caerulia), Durham, NC, 4/7/09 Azure Bluet (Houstonia caerulia), Durham, NC, 5/1/19 Longleaf Summer Bluet (Houstonia longifolia), Graybeard Trail, Montreat, Buncombe County, NC, 5/3/12 Venus' Pride (Houstonia purpurea), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham, NC, 5/20/09 Venus' Pride (Houstonia purpurea), North Carolina Botanical Garden (nature trail), Orange County, NC, 5/6/19 Same Venus' Pride (Houstonia purpurea), North Carolina Botanical Garden (nature trail), Orange County, NC, 5/6/19    

Purple Bedstraw (Galium latifolium), Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 4/27/19 Bedstraw or Sticky Willy (Galium aparine), Durham, NC, 3/30/19 Bedstraw or Stickywilly (Galium aparine), Durham, NC, 4/9/09 Bedstraw or Stickywilly (Galium aparine), Durham, NC, 4/14/09

Common Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) blossoms, Third Fork Trail, Durham, NC, 6/6/11 Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09 Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens) flowers, among many, Durham, NC, 5/9/19 Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens) fruit, the first in that area. Durham, NC, 5/9/19 Blooming Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens), Congaree National Park, Richland County, 4/30/11 Virginia Buttonweed (Diodia virginiana), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 8/21/09

Nightshade (Solanaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

     
Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 5/30/09 Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense) flower with katydid nymph, Durham, NC, 6/11/09 Deadly Nightshade (Atropa belladonna), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/12/09      

Figwort (Scrophulariaceae) family, Asteridae subclass

 
Persian Speedwell (Veronica persica), Durham, NC, 2/20/10 Persian Speedwell (Veronica persica), North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, Wake County, 2/24/12 Persian Speedwell (Veronica persica), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 1/29/13 Persian Speedwells (Veronica persica), Durham, NC, 3/15/10  

 

Japanese Mazus (Mazus pumilus), Durham, NC, 4/13/11 Blue Toadflax (Linaria canadensis), Lake Crabtree County Park, Wake County, NC, 4/16/09 Eastern Gray Beardtongue (Penstemon canescens), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/11/12 Penstemon genus member, Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/21/09.  Looks like Multiflora Penstemon (Penstemon multiflora), but is outside that species' natural range, i.e., hardiness zones 8-10. Field of penstemons, same species as on left, same time and place, i.e., Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/21/09.  Their blooming time was about 2 weeks. Moth Mullein (Verbascum blattaria), Occoneechee Mountain Natural ARea, Orange County, NC, 6/13/09 Common Toadflax or Butter and Eggs (Linaria vulgaris) at Lake Abbott, Peaks of Otter Recreational Area, Bedford, VA, 7/9/09.  An introduced species.


         
Mullein Foxglove (Dasistoma macrophylla), North Carolina Botanical Garden (woodland trail), Orange County, NC, 7/16/15 Common Mullein (Verbascum thapsus), Flat River Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 8/5/11 Pink Turtlehead (Chelone obliqua) buds, Tanawha Trail (Milepost 304), NC, 8/17/15 Pink Turtlehead (Chelone obliqua obliqua), Tanawha Trail, Avery County, NC, 8/3/12 Spreading False Foxglove (Aureolaria patula), Peaks of Otter, Bedford County, VA, 8/20/18 Purple False Foxglove (Agalinis purpurea), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC  9/17/08.  Note the many tiny "hairs."          

Verbenaceae family, Asteridae subclass

     
American Beauty Berry (Callicarpa americana), North Carolina Botanical Garden, 9/26/07 Lanceleaf Fogfruit (Phyla lanceolata), Carolina Beach, New Hanover County, NC, 8/3/09 Desert Sand Verbena (Albronia villosa), Stinson Beach, Marin County, CA, 9/5/13

Caryophyllidae subclass

Stone Plant (Aizoaceae) family, Caryophyllidae subclass

         
Hottentot Fig or Ice Plant (Carpobrotus edulis) flower, Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 4/25/18. This is officially an invasive species, introduced from South Africa.          

Amaranth (Amaranthaceae) family, Caryophyllidae subclass

         
Annual Glasswort (Salicornia virginica), Fort Fisher State Recreation Area, New Hanover County, NC, 3/11/11.  Yes, these plants actually bloom, but this plant was not doing so.  Flowers are tiny and skinny.          

Cactus (Cactaceae) family, Carylophyllidae subclass

       
Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia genus), Duke Gardens, Durham County, NC, 6/12/09 Prickly Pears (Opuntia genus) with flowers, Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, 5/23/11         

Pinks (Caryophyllaceae) family, Caryophyllidae subclass

       
Common Chickweed (Stellaria media), Durham, NC, 4/3/09, the most common weed in my neighborhood. Giant Chickweed (Stellaria pubera), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 4/6/09. Beach Starwort (Stellaria littoralis), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 Common Mouse-ear Chickweed (Cerastium fontanum), Flat River Waterfowl Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 3/24/19        

         
Silvery Nailwort or Silverling (Paronychia agyrocoma), seen on ledge at the McAfee's Knob summit (Roanoke County, VA, 6/15/11), about 2 inches high. Common Soapwort or Bouncing Bet (Saponaria officinalis), Peaks of Otter, Bedford County, VA, 8/20/18 Sweet William (Dianthus caryophyllus), Durham,
NC, 4/9/09
Deptford Pink (Dianthus ameria), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 5/30/09 Common Catchfly (Silene gallica), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19. This is an introduced plant. Fire Pink (Silene virginica), Haw River State Park, Rockingham County, 5/30/08          

Pokeweed (Phytolaccaceae) family, Caryophyllidae subclass

         
Pokeweed (Phytolacca genus) flowers, Durham, NC, 5/27/09 Pokeweed berries, Durham, NC, 7/15/09          

Buckwheat (Polygonaceae) family, Caryophyllidae subclass

     
Heartwing Sorrel (Rumex hastatulus), Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge, Dare County, NC, 5/10/09 Pennsylvania Smartweed (Polygonum pennsylvaticum), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/11/09 Blooming Pinkweed (Polygonum pennsylvaticum), close-up.  American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 8/25/09      

Purslane (Portulacaceae) family, Caryophyllidae subclass

     
Virginia Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 3/11/09 Candy Flower (Claytonia sibirica), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 Paraguayan Purslane (Portulaca amilis), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 8/25/09.  An introduced plant, seen uncommonly here Paraguayan Purslane (Portulaca amilis), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 9/11/09 Paraguayan Purslane (Portulaca amilis), an introduced plant found in the Atlantic coast states from Virginia to Florida.  Durham, NC, 9/14/12      

Dilleniidae subclass

Mustard (Brassicaceae) family, Dilleniidae subclass

     
Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata, Cardamine laciniata or Dentaria laciniata), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 3/14/07.  This is one of the favorite plants of Falcate Orangetip butterflies. Cutleaf Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata), Eno River State Park, Orange County, NC, 3/24/11 Cutleaf Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata), showing variation in leaf shape, Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 3/23/11 Sea Rocket (Cakile edentula), Ocracoke Island (north end), 5/10/09 Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris), Durham, NC, 5/21/19 Wild Peppergrass or Virginia Pepperweed (Lepidium virginicum), Durham, NC, 6/6/09 Wild Radish (Raphanus sativus), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 5/30/19 Wild Radish (Raphanus raphanistrum)), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 5/30/19      

 

Mediumflowered Bittercress (Cardamine parviflora), Durham, NC, 4/5/09 Pennsylvania Bittercress (Cardamine pensylvanica), Durham, NC, 1/26/12 Field Mustard (Brassica rapa), Durham, NC, 3/11/12 Winter Cress (Barbarea verna), American Tobacco Trail (Miles 4-6), Durham, NC, 4/13/09 Money Plant (Lunaria annua), Durham, NC, 6/7/18 Dame's Rocket (Hesperis matronalis), Swannanoa River Road, Warren Wilson College, Asheville, NC, 5/3/12.  An introduced plant, not considered invasive in NC.

Clusiaceae family, Dilleniidae subclass

         
Common St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum), Boone Greenway Trail, Watauga County, NC, 7/2/10 St. Andrew's Cross (Hypericum hypericoides), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 8/9/09          

Diapensiaceae family, Dilleniidae subclass

         
Galax (Galax urceolata), Tanawha Trail, Watauga County, NC  6/16/15          

Sun Dew (Droseraceae) family, Dilleniidae subclass

Venus Fly Trap (Dionaea muscipula), Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, 12/20/06.  This species depends on regular forest fires to survive; otherwise it doesn't get enough sunlight.  Note the sandspur.

Heath (Ericaceae) family, Dilleniidae subclass

     
Catawba Rosebay (Rhododendron catawbiense), Hanging Rock State Park, Stokes County, NC, 5/22/08 Great Laurel (Rhododendron maximum), Hanging Rock State Park, Stokes County, NC, 6/18/09 Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia), (Rhododendron minus), Hanging Rock State Park, Stokes County, NC, 5/22/08 Indian Pipe (Monotropa uniflora), Macon County, NC  8/9/05.  This view of a flower shows that it has the normal reproductive organs, in contrast to widespread belief that it is not actually a plant, but a fungus.  This plant produces no chlorophyll, obtaining its nutrients from the soil. Indian Pipes (Monotropa uniflora), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 5/30/09      

 

       
Flame Azalea (Rhododendron calendulaceum), Wind Rock, Giles County, VA, 6/16/11 Florida Azalea (Rhododendron austrinum), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Pinxter Flower (Rhododendron periclymenoides), Oconoeechee Mountain Natural Area, Orange County, NC, 4/14/11, appeared deep in the woods. Pinxter Flower or Pink Azalea (Rhododendron periclymenoides), Museum of Life and Science, Durham, NC, 4/23/09 Pinxter Flower (Rhododendron periclymenoides),Eno River State Park, Orange County, NC, 4/24/10        


         
Blueberry (Vaccinium genus) flowers, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC 4/10/09 Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum),  Eno River State Park, Bobbitt's Hole Trail, Orange County, NC, 4/24/10 Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum), Durham, NC, 5/1/19 Fetterbush, Mountain Andromeda or Lily-of-the-Valley shrub (Pieris floribunda), Hanging Rock State Park, Stokes County, NC, 4/11/10 Fetterbush Lyonia (Lyonia lucida), with larger flowers (~10 mm long).  These were very common in this park.          

 

Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 6/21/10 Trailing Arbutus (Epigaea repens), Occoneechee Mountain Natural Area, Orange County, NC, 4/18/13 Striped Wintergreen (Chimapila maculata) with buds, Durham, NC, 5/23/09.  Used to considered an Ericaceae family member. Striped Wintergreen (Chimapila maculata), in full bloom, 5/31/09 Striped Wintergreen (Chimapila maculata), Durham, NC, 6/1/09 Striped Wintergreen (Chimapila maculata), 6/2/09 Striped Wintergreen (Chimapila maculata), Durham, NC, 6/3/09 Striped Wintergreen (Chimapila maculata), Durham, NC,  6/15/09

Mallow (Malvaceae) family, Dilleniidae subclass

 
Caliche Globemallow (Sphaeralcea laxa), Port Aransas, Nueces County, TX, 2/21/14. Bristly Mallow (Modiola caroliniana), Durham, NC, 4/22/19 Bristly Mallow (Modiola caroliniana), Old Salem, Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 6/7/09 Bristly Mallow (Modiola caroliniana), in a wild section off the parking lot, NC Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 5/9/10 Rose Mallow (Pavonia lasiopetala), San Antonio Botanical Garden, Bexar County, TX, 5/27/10 Swamp Rose Mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos), one of hundreds blooming at the Flat River Impoundment, Durham, NC, 7/17/11 Checker Mallow (Sidalcea malvaeflora), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 Desert Five Spot (Eremalche rotundifolia), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 6/3/19  

Primrose (Primulaceae family), Dilleniidae subclass

 
Whorled Yellow Loosestrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia), War Spur Loop, Giles County, VA, 6/16/11 Four-flower Yellow Loosestrife (Lysimachia quadriflora), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 6/27/14 Flaxleaf Pimpernel (Lysimachia monelli), Port Aransas Nature Preserve at Charlie's Pasture, Nueces County, TX 2/21/14.  This species was introduced from the Mediterranean area. Scarlet Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 4/28/17  

Willow (Salicaceae) family, Dilleniidae subclass

       
Willow catkin (Salix genus), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 3/11/09.  Note the fly at the base of the catkin. Black Willow (Salix nigra) catkins, Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 4/15/19 Weeping Willow (Salix babylonica) catkins and leaves, Durham, NC, 3/24/10        

Pitcher Plant (Sarraceniaceae) family, Dileniidae subclass

       
Yellow Pitcher Plants (Sarracenia flava), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09 Whitetop Pitcher Plant (Sarracenia leucophylla), NC Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 9/6/09        

Violet (Violaceae) family, Dileniidae subclass

Common Blue Violet (Viola sororia), Eno River State Park, Old Cole Mill Road access, Orange County, NC, 3/6/08 Common Blue Violets (Viola sororia), Sandy Creek Park, Durham, NC, 3/30/18 Common Blue Violets (Viola sororia) and Confederate Violets (Viola sororia priceana), Montreat, Buncombe County, NC, 4/28/14 Confederate Violet (Viola sororia priceana) variation, Durham, NC, 4/12/18 Confederate Violet (Viola sororia priceana), Durham, NC, 3/10/11

 

       
Field Pansy (Viola bicolor), North Carolina Museum of Art, 2/24/12 Field Pansy (Viola bicolor), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 3/11/09.  Field Pansy (Viola bicolor), Sandy Creek Park, Durham, NC, 3/30/10 Field Pansy (Viola bicolor), Durham, NC, 3/12/09 Field Pansy (Viola bicolor), Flat River Waterfowl Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 3/24/19 Another Field Pansy (Viola bicolor), Flat River Waterfowl Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 3/24/19 Downy Yellow Violet (Viola pubescens), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 4/4/09 Halberd-leaved (Yellow) Violet (Viola hastata).  Seen at the same elevation as the lake (about 1200 feet) at Hanging Rock State Park, Stokes County, NC, 4/12/10.

 

Birdsfoot Violets (Viola pedata), Weymouth Woods-Sandhills Nature Preserve, Moore County, NC, 4/6/18 Wood Violet (Viola palmata), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham, NC, 4/22/09 Violet, Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 4/18/09 Canada Violet or Canadian White Violet (Viola canadensis), Appalachian Trail, leading to Siler's Bald, Swain County, NC, 5/30/13

Saxifraganae superorder

These are generally broadleaf trees.

Witch-hazel (Hamamelidaceae) family, Saxifraganae subclass

 
Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), Durham, NC, 11/16/08 (left), 4/14/09 (middle) and 4/02/09 (right)    


         
Witch Alder (Fothergilla major), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Early Witch Hazel (Hamamelis vernalis) flower, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 2/2/11          

Saxifrage (Saxifragaceae) family, Saxifragales order

Early Saxifrage (Saxifraga virginiensis), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham, NC, 3/19/09.  Mottled leaf is part of a Trout Lily.  ID thanks to Joan Carr of South Williamson,  Kentucky. Heartleaf Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia), Duke Gardens, 4/6/09 Heartleaf Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09

Magnoliidae subclass

Aristolochiaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

         
Little Brown Jug (Hexastylis arifolia) flower bud and some leaves, Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 3/22/19 Little Brown Jug (Hexastylis arifolia) leaves, apparently injured by recent harsh weather, same location and date          

Berberidaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

Umbrella Leaf (Diphylleia cymosa) berries, Tanawha Trail, off the Blue Ridge Ridge Parkway, Mile 302, 8/5/08 Umbrella-leaf (Diphylleia cymosa), berries and leaf, Linn Cove Viaduct Access Trail, Avery County, NC, 7/1/10 Mayapple (Podophyllum pentatum), Durham, 4/20/06.  Photo by Karl D. Gottschalk Mayapple, Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 4/22/09 Heavenly Bamboo (Nandina domestica), Durham, NC, 6/3/09 Heavenly Bamboo (Nandina domestica) berries, Sandhills Horticultural Garden, Pinehurst, Moore County, NC, 11/28/09

Cabombaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

         
Watershield (Brasenia schreberi), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 6/27/11          


Calycanthaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

         
Eastern Sweetshrub (Calycanthus floridus), Swannanoa Trail, Warren Wilson College, Asheville, NC, 4/28/14          

Fumariaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

       
Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 4/5/06 Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 4/4/09 Bleeding Heart (Dicentra eximia), seen at about 3700 feet in elevation on Sharp Top Mountain in the Peaks of Otter Recreational Area (National Parks Service), Bedford County, VA on 7/10/09.  About 20 plants were seen in close proximity near amedium rain forest. Bleeding Heart (Dicentra eximia), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Yellow Fumewort (Corydalis flavula), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham, NC, 3/30/10        

Lardizabalaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

     
Chocolate Vine (Akebia quinata).  A vine with five leaves coming from one stem.  These are young leaves.  Durham, NC, 3/24/09.  It is an introduced species from Japan.  ID thanks to Will Cook.   USDA info on Chocolate Vine.      

Lauraceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

         
Sassafras (Sassafras albidum), American Tobacco Trail (miles 4-6), Durham, NC, 4/13/09 Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) flowers, Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 3/20/10          

Magnoliaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

     
Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), Durham, NC, 5/17/06.  These flowers are usually not seen until they fall from these tall trees. Southern Magnolia or Bull Bay (Magnolia grandiflora), Durham, NC, 5/16/09 Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), Durham, NC, 5/10/10.  Photo by Peter C. Charles.      

Nelumbonaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

         
American Lotus flower (Nelumbo lutea), Estuarium, Washington, Beaufort County, NC, 7/13/18          

Papaveraceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

       
Bloodroot (Sanguin-aria canadensis, Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC,  3/14/07 Bloodroots (Sanguinaria canadensis), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 3/24/10.  Not part of any formal exhibit.  Photo by Karl D. Gottschalk. Poppy (Papaver dubium), Durham, NC, 4/23/09 White Prickly Poppy (Argemone albiflora) with 3 beetles and 5 tiny bees. Riverside Nature Center, Kerrville, Kerr County, TX, 5/27/10 Unfolding White Prickly Poppy: the whole process took place within seconds.  Also from Riverside Nature Center, Kerrville, Kerr County, TX, 5/27/10 California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19        

Ranunculaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

     
Round Lobed Hepatica (Hepatica americana), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 3/14/07.  Rue Anemone (Thalictrom thalictoides), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 3/31/09 Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria), Sandy Creek Park, Durham, NC, 3/19/10      

 

       
Hooked Buttercup (Ranunculus recurvatus), Durham, NC, 4/4/09 Close-up of Hooked Buttercup (Ranunculus recurvatus), Durham, NC, 4/11/09 Early Buttercup (Ranunculus fascicularis ), Durham, NC, 4/14/18 St. Anthony's Turnip or Bulbous Buttercup (Ranunculus bulbosus), Occoneechee Mountain Natural Area, Orange County, NC, 4/18/13 St. Anthony's Turnip (Ranunculus bulbosus), Durham, NC, 4/11/09        

 

       
Wild Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Tall Thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana), which has a very long stem with basal leaves.  Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 6/24/09 Black Cohosh (thumbnail got surprise rotation), Daniel Boone Gardens, Boone, Watauga County, NC, 7/8/11        


         
Vasevine (Clematis viorna), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 6/19/10.  Note: thumbnail has been rotated 90°. View inside a Vasevine Flower (Clematis viorna), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 6/19/10 Swamp Leatherflower (Clematis crispa), River Park North, Greenville, Pitt County, NC, 7/28/17 Virgin's Bower (Clematis virginiana), Boone Gardens, Watauga County, NC, 8/12/09 White Baneberry (Actaea pachypoda),  Peaks of Otter, Bedford County, VA, 8/22/18          

Saururaceae family, Magnoliidae subclass

       
Lizard's Tail (Saururus cernuus), Durham, NC, 6/1/09 Lizard's Tail (Saururus cernuus), Durham, NC, 6/18/10.  The sprays start out not drooping.        

Polypodiidae subclass

Azollaceae family

         
Water Fern (Azolla caroliniana), Goose Creek State Park, Washington, Beaufort County, NC, 7/27/17          

Rosidae subclass

Aceraceae family, Rosidae subclass

         
Male Red Maple flowers, Third Fork Creek Trail, Durham, NC, 1/10/13 Red Maple (Acer rubrum) male flowers, Durham, NC, 2/26/09 Male Red Maple flowers, Durham, NC, 2/27/11 Female Red Maple flowers, Durham, NC, 3/2/11 Female Red Maple (Acer rubrum) flowers, with some producing fruit.  Durham, NC 3/24/10 Female Red Maple flowers, some with forming fruit.  Durham, NC, 3/28/10          


         
Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) flowers, Durham, NC, 3/29/10          

Anacardiaceae family, Rosidae subclass

     
Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), Durham, NC, 5/4/09 Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), Ocracoke (Hammock Hills Nature Trail), Hyde County, NC  4/18/19      

Apiaceae family, Rosidae subclass

   
Golden Alexander (Zizia aurea), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Blooming Largeleaf Pennyworts (Hydrocotyle bonariensis), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/26/17 Queen Anne's Lace or Wild Carrot (Daucus carota), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 5/19/09.  Young flowers. Queen Anne's Lace or Wild Carrot (Daucus carota), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 5/19/09.  Mature flowers. Queen Anne's Lace buds, American Tobacco Trail (~Mile 5), Durham, NC, 6/24/10.  There was a severe drought in middle and late spring. Queen Anne's Lace flowers, up close.  The pink one is immature.  Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 6/24/09. A tiny weevil is at left.    

 

         
Water Hemlock (Cicuta maculata), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 6/25/09, a very poisonous plant. Water Hemlock (Cicuta maculata), Durham, NC, 6/9/19 Rattlesnake Master (Eryngium yuccifolium), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09 (Sweet) Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), Corte Madera Ecological Reserve, Marin County, CA, 6/2/19.  Officially (and obviously!) invasive, native to coastal Mediterranean areas. Creeping Eryngo (Eryngium prostratum), Pitt County Arboretum (near lake), Greenville, NC, 7/28/17 Angelica triquinata, Moses Cone Memorial Park, Watauga County, NC, 8/12/09          

Aquifoliaceae family, Rosidae subclass

       
American Holly (Ilex opaca), Durham, NC, 5/8/09        

Araliaceae family, Rosidae subclass

           
Devil's Walkingstick (Aralia spinosa), a very thorny tree, Gulf Shores National Seashore Visitor Center, Ocean Springs, MS, 14/10 Beach Pennywort (Hydrocotyle genus, Araliaceae family) flowers, Ft. Fisher State Recreation Area, New hanover County, NC, 11/11/12            

Birch (Betulaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

 
Eastern Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) fruits (once female catkins), Durham, NC, 6/8/09 Female catkin, Hop- Hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana), Durham, NC, 5/13/19 Female Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) catkin, fully developed. Durham, NC, 5/10/19

Female Eastern Hop-hornbeam catkin (Ostrya virginiana) male catkin, lengthening. Durham, NC, 4/1/19

Female Eastern Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) catkin, just emerging and still small and compact.  Durham, NC, 3/31/19 Eastern Hop-hornbeam male catkins in varying stages of maturing, exposing anthers, Durham, NC, 3/20/11.  (They are partially obscured by a blurred female catkin.) Part of an immature male Eastern Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) flower, Durham, NC, 3/24/10 Part of a mature male Eastern Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) male catkin, Durham, NC, 4/3/11.  This structure gradually unfolds (lengthens, really), exposing the anthers.  

Celastraceae family, Rosidae subclass

     
Hearts-a-Bustin' or American Strawberry Bush (Euonymus americanus), Durham, NC, 5/18/08 Hearts-a-bustin' (Euonymus americanus), Durham, NC, 5/6/09 Hearts-a-bustin' fruit, 9/24/08.  Durham or Orange County, NC. Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia palustris), Coastal Plain Plants Section, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 10/29/15

Cleomaceae family, Rosidae subclass

         
Spider Flower (Cleome hassleriana), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 10/31/11.  Genus ID thanks to Laura Thomas.          

Cornaceae family, Rosidae subclass

       
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), Occoneechee Mountain Natural Area, Orange County, NC, 4/5/09

Crassulaceae family, Rosidae subclass

Woodland Stonecrop (Sedum ternatum), Eno River State Park, Orange County, NC, 4/24/10

Elm (Ulmaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

         
American Elm (Ulmus americana), with maturing fruit.  Durham, NC, 3/24/10 American Elm flowers (Ulmus americana), Durham, NC, 3/18/19 Winged Elm (Ulmus alata) flowers, just starting to develop fruit.  Durham, NC, 3/24/10 Winged Elm (Ulmus alata) flowers and fruit. Sandy Creek Park, Durham, NC, 3/30/10          

Euphorbiaceae family, Rosidae subclass

Wild Poinsettia aka Fire-on-the-Mountain (Euphorbia cyathophora), Carolina Beach, New Hanover County, NC, 9/27/10.  Wild Poinsettia aka Mexican Fireplant (Euphorbia heterophylla), Lake Hollingsworth, Lakeland, FL, 9/21/10.  Copyright © 2010 Noela T. Martell Segura Warty Spurge (Euphorbia spathulata), Durham, NC, 4/30/19 Warty Spurge (Euphorbia spathulata), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Tread-softly (Cnidoscolus stimulosus).  It has stinging hairs.  Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, 5/23/11

Fabaceae family, Rosidae subclass

   
A cultivated member of the Common Bean species.  Cypress Gardens, Berkeley County, SC, 10/12/07. Blue Wild Indigo or Prairie Blue Indigo (Baptisia australis), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC,  5/6/06 Spurred Butterfly Pea (Centrosema virginianum) flower, Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 8/18/06 Butterfly Pea (Clitoria mariana), Eno River State Park, Orange County, NC, 8/27/10 Butterfly Pea (Clitoria mariana), Falls Lake Dam, Wake County, NC, 9/11/10  Black Locust flowers (Robinia pseudoacacia), Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 4/27/19 Bristly Locust flower (Robinia hispida), Hanging Rock State Park, Stokes County, NC, 5/22/08 Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis), Durham, NC, 3/29/09    

 

 
American Vetch (Vicia americana), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 Another Common Vetch (Vicia sativa), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 Common Vetch (Vicia sativa), Durham, NC, 4/3/09.  A vine. Common Vetch (Vicia sativa), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 4/13/09. Common Vetch (Vicia sativa), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 4/13/09.  

Large Yellow Vetch (probably Vicia grandiflora), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 4/13/09. Smooth Vetch (Vicia tetrasperma), Durham, NC, 4/25/19.  It is an introduced species. Another Smooth Vetch (Vicia tetrasperma), Camden County, NC (just north of Elizabeth City), 4/27 Carolina Vetch (Vicia caroliniana), Lake Crabtree County park, Wake County, NC, 4/16/09 Cow Vetch (Vicia cracca), Camden County, NC, 4/27/09 (near downtown Elizabeth City)

 
Everlasting Pea (Lathyrus latifolius), on Cedar Creek Nature Trail, Natural Bridge, Rockbridge County, VA, 7/8/09 Wild Bean (Strophostyles umbellata), Airlie Gardens, Wilmington, New Hanover County, NC, 8/5/09 Trailing Wild Bean (Strophostyles helvola), with the different flower colors (due to age) characteristic of this species.  Durham, NC, 9/13/11 American Wisteria (Wisteria frutescens), Duke Gardens, Durham, NC, 4/6/09 Dense Flowered Platycarpos (Lupinus microcarpus var. densiflorus), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19  

 

       
Birdfoot Trefoil or Birdfoot Deer-vetch (Lotus corniculatus), Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/11/09 Another Birdfoot Trefoil, Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/10/09 Silktree (Albizia julibrissin), Durham, NC, 6/8/09.  This is an introduced species. Sensitive Brier or Sensitive Plant (Mimosa microphylla), NC Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 7/17/09 The USDA calls this a "rattlebox" (Sesbania punicea). It's a kind of locust tree, a member of the pea family (Fabaceae) and is native to South America.  It's considered to be invasive and a noxious weed in Florida and California, but North Carolina's chilly winters keep it in check. Ocracoke, Hyde County, NC, 5/21/17        

 

       
Small-headed Clover (Trifolium microcephalum), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 Rabbit's Foot Clover (Trifolium arvense), Flat River Waterfowl Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 5/22/15 Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) blossom, like all clover blossoms, a composite of typical legume family (Fabaceae) flowers.  Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 5/27/11 Red Clover (Trifolium pratense), Southern Village, Chapel Hill, Orange County, NC, 5/7/09 Crimson Clover (Trifolium incarnatum), North Carolina Museum of Art nature trail, 4/23/09 Low Hop Clover (Trifolium campestre), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/1/09 White clover (Trifolium repens, var. repens), Durham, NC, 4/3/09 Yellow Sweet Clover (Melilotus officinalis), NC Zoo, Asheboro, NC, 6/21/09        

 

 
Sericea Lespedeza  or Chinese Lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata), Durham, NC, 8/2/10.  Officially invasive, and one of our two worst. Sericea lespedeza or Chinese Lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 6/29/09. Lespedeza genus flowers, American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 9/1/09 Lespedeza genus, American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 9/1/09 Crown Vetch (Coronilla varia or Securigera varia, an introduced plant), Boone Greenway, Watauga County, NC, 7/7/11 Showy Rattlebox (Crotalaria spectabilis), Greenville, NC, 11/10/10 Purple Prairie Clover (Dalea purpurea), Port Aransas Nature Preserve East, Nueces County, TX  2/25/14 Pea family plant: very common, might be Summer Lupine (Lupinus formosus), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 6/1/19  

 

         
Showy Partridge Pea (Chamaecrista fasciculata), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC,  7/26/09 Kudzu flower (Pueraria montana), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 8/21/09 Hog Peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata), Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham, NC, 8/23/09 Naked Tick Trefoil (Desmodium nudiflorum) flowers, seen on the woodland trail (not part of the official exhibit) at the North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 6/27/11 American Groundnut (Apios americana), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/16/15          

Beech (Fagaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

       
Amedium Turkey Oak (Quercus laevis), Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, 12/4/12 White Oak (Quercus alba), Durham, NC, 4/15/09, fallen from tree        

Geraniaceae family, Rosidae subclass

 
Carolina Cranesbill (Geranium carolinianum), Durham, NC, 4/9/09 Carolina Cranesbill (Geranium carolinianum), Durham, NC, 4/29/19 Wild Geranium or Spotted Geranium (Geranium maculatum). North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Dove's Foot Geranium (Geranium molle), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19 Redstem Filaree (Erodium cicutarium), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19  

Hydrangeceae family, Rosidae subclass

         
Oakleaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia), Durham, NC, 5/19/19          

Horse Chestnut (Hippocastanaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

     
Yellow Buckeye (Aesculus flava), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 3/31/09 Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09      

Linaceae family, Rosidae subclass

Texas Flax (Linum hudsonioides), Port Aransas Nature Preserve at Charlie's Pasture, Nueces County, TX 2/21/14

Loosestrife (Lythraceae) family, Rosidae subclass

Swamp Loosestrife (Decodon verticillatus), Goose Creek State Park, Beaufort County, NC, 7/13/18 Valley Redstem or Scarlet Tooth-cap (Ammannia coccinea): flowers, fruit and buds, Jordan Lake gameland, Chatham County, NC, 10/15/11

Melastomataceae family, Rosidae subclass

       
Maryland Meadow Beauty (Rhexia mariana), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 7/26/09 Virginia Meadow Beauty (Rhexia virginica), NC Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 9/6/09        

Evening Primrose (Onagraceae) family, Rosidae subclass

     
Beach Suncup (Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia), Abbott's Lagoon, Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, NC, 5/1/17 Sundrops (Oenothera fruticosa), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 5/6/19 Sundrops (Oenothera fruticosa), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/11/12 Common Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis), Ocracoke, 5/11/09.  Taken at 8:24 am, DST. Showy Primrose or Pinklady (Oenothera speciosa), Durham, NC, 6/1/11 Seedbox (Ludwigia alternifolia, Onagraceae family), Durham, NC, 6/26/09 Beach Evening Primrose (Oenotheria drummondii), Mustang Island State Park, Nueces County, TX, 2/22/14       

Wood Sorrel (Oxalidaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

   
Common Yellow Wood-Sorrel (Oxalis stricta), Durham, NC, 5/3/19 Pink Wood-Sorrel (Oxalis debilis), South Tar River Greenway, Greenville, Pitt County, NC, 1/6/19.  This is an introduced species. Pink Wood-Sorrel (Oxalis debilis), Old Salem, Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 4/27/19 Violet Wood-Sorrel (Oxalis violacea), Eno River State Park (Cole Mill Rd.), Durham/Orange County, NC 4/14/16 Violet Wood-Sorrel (Oxalis violacea), Old Salem, Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, NC, 4/27/19      

Passion Flower (Passifloraceae) family, Rosidae subclass

 
Purple Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), one of about 10 at the Flat River Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 8/15/10 Purple Passionflower, Fort Macon State Park, Carteret County, NC, 7/21/08.  These are the preferred larval plants of Zebra Heliconian butterflies. Purple Passionflower, coastal South Carolina.  Photo taken by David L. Green, who describes beekeeping at his website, http://www.pollinator.com  


Passion Vine with opening flower.  One of a few remaining after a large field was mowed.  Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 7/3/09

Milkwort (Polygalaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

         
Maryland Milkwort (Polygala mariana), Occoneechee Mountain Natural Area, Orange County, NC, 10/29/09 Showy Milkwort (Polygala grandiflora), South Lido Park, Sarasota, FL, 4/1/12          

Buckthorn (Rhamnaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

       
Carolina Buckthorn (Frangula caroliniana), North Carolina Botanical Garden, Orange County, NC, 4/10/09 Hairy Ceanothus (Ceanothus oliganthus), Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA, 5/31/19        

Rose (Rosaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

 
Sulfur Cinquefoil (Potentilla recta), American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 5/19/09 Dwarf Cinquefoil (Potentilla canadensis), Durham, NC, 4/8/09 Common Cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex), Durham, NC, 4/25/19 Indian Strawberry or Mock Strawberry (Duchesnea indica) flower, Durham, NC, 4/3/09 Mock Strawberry or Indian Strawberry (Duchesnea indica) fruit, Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange Bounty, NC, 5/11/12 Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 4/12/09

 

     
American Plum (Prunus americana) flowers, Durham, NC, 3/27/19 Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana), American Tobacco Trail (miles 4-6), Durham, NC, 4/13/09 Elmleaf Blackberry (Rubus ulmifolius), Larkspur, Marin County, CA, 5/30/19 Sawtooth Blackberry (Rubus argutus), American Tobacco Trail (miles 4-6), Durham, NC, 4/13/09 Purple-flowering Raspberry (Rubus odoratus), with flower. Mt. Jefferson State Park, Ashe County, NC, 8/13/09 Purple-flowering Raspberry (Rubus odoratus), with fruit. Mt. Jefferson State Park, Ashe County, NC, 8/13/09 Grayleaf Raspberry (Rubus idaeus, subspecies strigosus) fruit      

 
Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris), appeared in Siler's Bog in the Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 6/25/09 Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris), Flat River Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 6/3/11.  Bowman's Root (Gillenia trifoliata), Moses Cone Memorial Park, Watauga County, NC, 6/6/17 Red Tip or Fraser's Photinia (Photinia x fraseri), Durham, NC, 4/25/19.  Not a true wildflower, but a cultivar. Wildflower (Spiraea japonica), Boone, Watauga County, NC, 6/15/15  

Soapberry (Sapindaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

 
Balloonvine (Cardiospermum halicacabum), Pitt County Arboretum, Greenville, NC, 9/26/14.  

Nasturtium (Tropaeoleaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus), Stinson Beach, Marin County, CA, 9/5/13. An introduced plant, naturalized in this location.

Walnut (Juglandaceae) family, Rosidae subclass

       
Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra), Durham, NC, 4/20/09        

Vitaceae family, Rosidae subclass

     
Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) flowers and buds, American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 6/29/09 Scuppernong grape (Vitis rotundifolia) flowers, Durham, NC, 6/8/09 Green Scuppernong (Vitis rotundifolia) fruit, Durham, NC, 7/6/09.  A variety of muscadine grape. Muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia) fruit, Durham, NC, 7/26/09, not Scuppernongs. Muscadine grapes (Vitis rotundifolia) fruit, Durham, NC, 8/21/10 Ripe muscadine grapes (Vitis rotundifolia). American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 9/1/09.  Not Scuppernongs.      


Porcelainberry (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata), an introduced plant, American Tobacco Trail, Durham, NC, 8/25/09.  The leaves have a markedly different shape from the round-leaved Vitis genus members. This is listed as invasive in 12 states, but not in North Carolina: National Park Service's Porcelainberry Page.

Mistletoe (Viscaceae or Santalaceae: there is a controversy) family, undetermined subclass

         
Southern Mistletoe (Phoradendron leucarpum), the only mistletoe species found in North Carolina. Seen in Washington, Beaufort County, NC, 3/11/12.          

 

Copyright 2005-2019 ©  Dorothy E. Pugh.  All rights reserved.

References

Bowers N, Bowers R and Tekiela S (2008) Wildflowers of the Carolinas.  Cambridge, MN: Adventure Publications

Justice W. Bell CR and Lindsey AH (2005) Wild Flowers of North Carolina, 2nd ed.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Newcomb L (1977) Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.  NY:Little, Brown & Co.

Haines E (2012) Real-time Rendering: Wildflower Identification http://www.realtimerendering.com/flowers/flowers.html

USDA, NRCS. 2009. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 22 June 2011). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.